Preschool Teacher – Job Description

In most cities and states, preschool education refers to the guidance, training and instruction of young children usually between the ages of 3 and 5. Preschool teachers are responsible for the general tutelage of this category of youngsters in preparation for elementary school. For most children, this early childhood education is the first form of connection with the formal pedagogical system. The apparent indication of the above-stated fact is that the significance of a preschool teacher can never be undermined in the scheme of things. These teachers help the children form the bedrock upon which the development and overall growth processes of the latter are anchored. Preschool teachers harness the dynamism associated with such channels as appropriate arts and crafts, music, games and simplified lesson plans, towards aiding the development of the preschoolers.


Preschool Teacher Job Duties

  • Introduces preschoolers as simply, clearly and unambiguously as possible to the concept of formal education, using appropriate methods and apparatuses.
  • Determines the most beneficial approach to educate the youngsters. This is necessary due to the fact that the preschoolers’ abilities are often divergent and unique at this growth stage.
  • Observes, evaluates and keeps records of the preschool students’ socio-physical and mental performances and development.
  • Helps to get the preschoolers accustomed to classroom-based educational etiquettes in preparation for elementary school and beyond.
  • Develops simple and workable models, representations and activities with a view to assisting the preschoolers’ learning processes in various topics and subjects.
  • Employs and adopts appropriate techniques in instilling discipline and promoting socially-acceptable core values and morals in the preschool students.
  • By virtue of the fact that preschool students are often still at mentally-formative and emotionally-susceptible ages, the onus is on the preschool teacher to exhibit a great deal of passion in order to instruct the students successfully.
  • Fashions a propitious learning environment out of the inherent conditions wherein educational and recreational activities can be successfully upheld through the acknowledgment and appreciation of attributes such as teamwork, analytical thinking and good communication.

Alternative Names

  • Nursery school teacher
  • Pre-kindergarten school teacher
  • Pre-primary school teacher


Job Projections

Preschool teachers are in very high demand in most parts of the world. This is as a result of the fact that preschool education is compulsory under most legislative provisions. The job outlook is very high.


Preschool Teacher Skills and Qualifications

  • Excellent verbal and non-verbal communication skills.
  • Ability to be on the qui vive due to the fact that most of the impressionable preschoolers often become easily absent-minded.
  • Interpersonal relationship skills are needed in order to be able to adequately liaise with the preschoolers, guardians and other staff members.
  • Patience and tolerance in dealing with the youngsters.
  • Adaptability to the divergent needs and requirements of the preschoolers.
  • Impeccable knowledge of techniques, methods and activities required to optimally impart on the preschoolers.
  • Relevant academic proficiency and emotional balance to deal with the sensitive mindset of the preschool students.


Salary Details

The average salary for a preschool teacher according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics is stated as $39,550 (May 2016).


Education and Training

The prevalent standardized minimal educational qualifications and training prerequisites essential to becoming an accomplished preschool teacher include at least, the possession of a high school diploma or an associate’s degree in early childhood programs. These programs arm the potential preschool teacher with the necessary impetus to constructively contribute to, build on, and sustain the momentum of onward learning of the preschoolers. These educational requirements are very important because they help to nourish and embellish the potential preschool teacher’s capability to spur the youngsters on the path of further academic, physical and mental development all through elementary school and further on.

In addition, proactive membership of relevant professional organizations as well as acquisition of higher degrees is always an advantage. Many educational institutions offer numerous master’s degree programs that further improve and increase a potential preschool teacher’s skillset in newly formulating, constructively revising and successfully enhancing prior and inherent paradigms and methodologies.

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